During the last few years, healthcare providers have begun to employ risk adjustment coding to help predict costs associated with treating Medicare Advantage plan beneficiaries. In addition to the price, healthcare professionals also consider the patient’s age, gender, and degree of social risk. In addition, the advancement of AI and machine learning has impacted how healthcare practitioners interpret and manage data.
Variations by age group
Several studies have used variations in HCC risk adjustment coding by age group to identify factors associated with increased HCC scores. To understand these factors, researchers followed Medicare beneficiaries for two years before and three years after a change in the region. They found that beneficiaries who moved to a higher-intensity area had an increased risk score. They also found that this change was associated with increased diagnoses and imaging.
In addition to the standard HCC index, the study authors used the poverty index to adjust spending. The poverty index gives a proportion of the population 65 and older to a zip code and is based on data from the US Census. It is estimated that the poverty index explained 12% of the age-adjusted variation in spending.
The standard HCC index explained less than 5% of the residual variation. It means that it over-adjusted for differences in spending and regional variation. For example, it explained 45% of the residual deviation in the race, 5% in age, and less than 5% in price.
On the other hand, the visit corrected HCC index explained almost no variation in spending and explained more than three times the variation in age and sex. This index was also associated with more consistent imaging and laboratory testing results.
Predicting anticipated costs
Medicare Advantage plans can predict the costs of their enrollees in the upcoming year using HCC risk adjustment coding. By using this technique, MA plans can help reduce the costs of their enrollees while also helping them improve the quality of care.
The HCC model is one of the most widely used methods to predict the costs of Medicare Advantage plans. This model uses hierarchical coding to categorize disease diagnoses. These diagnoses are then grouped into condition categories. The final list includes the diagnoses that are most likely to affect future healthcare costs.
While this method may seem arcane, it is a powerful tool for predicting healthcare costs. Using this method, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) can expect how much Medicare Advantage plans will pay for their beneficiaries in the coming months. It relies on medical record data submitted for reimbursement when the patient was diagnosed.
The algorithm categorizes 79 HCC conditions. It assigns an HCC number to each disease diagnosis. The HCC is then used to calculate the risk score of each member. The HCC 19 is added for each member’s risk score calculation.
The algorithm then uses the results to estimate how much a particular condition may cost. For example, this method helps payers predict the costs of diseases that are more likely to impact the long-term health of their population.
Developing a risk adjustment model that adjusts for social risk
Developing an HCC risk adjustment model that adjusts for social risk is an essential aspect of health insurance systems that can affect healthcare costs. It can also be used to evaluate healthcare delivery systems.
A risk adjustment model is a mechanism that rates an individual or a group of individuals according to their demographics. The value is also referred to as a risk score. First, it is calculated in the model using various coefficients. Then, it is applied to healthcare cost projections. Gender and age are typically included in models.
There are many different methods of risk adjustment. Some are based on morbidity indicators, mortality risks, self-reported health status, or combinations of hands. In addition, some experts suggest using pharmacy use or medical claims to measure risk.
The change was designed to encourage MAOs to serve sicker patients better. However, some experts believe the change could worsen inequities.
AI, voice recognition, and machine learning
Despite the many advantages of artificial intelligence, voice recognition, and machine learning, some issues must be addressed before the technology is fully deployed. These issues include discrimination, legal liability, and policy.
Governments must be aware of these issues to develop and deploy AI systems. They should consider how broad an AI objective they are trying to achieve and address the policy issues and legal realities that come with it. They should also avoid cracking open an AI “black box” and exposing all the underlying algorithms.
AI, voice recognition, and machine learning enormously impact healthcare providers’ analysis and management of data. They alter how we do basic operations, respond to requests, and make essential decisions. But AI is also causing severe issues with bias and discrimination.
One of the critical areas for improvement is using natural language processing in the healthcare industry. NLP tools can streamline workflows and make better use of clinical data. They can also bridge the gap between complicated medical terms and patients’ understanding.
Artificial intelligence policies help healthcare organizations make better use of unstructured data. They can also help providers spend more time with patients. NLP tools are also critical for reducing the stress of analyzing EHR data.